What is HTML?
- HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
- HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages
- HTML describes the structure of a Web page
- HTML consists of a series of elements
- HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content
- HTML elements label pieces of content such as “this is a heading”, “this is a paragraph”, “this is a link”, etc.
- The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document(It is not mandatory to write this code)
- The <html></html> element is the root element of an HTML page (all code is written within this code)
- The <head></head> The element contains meta information about the HTML page (in this code you are used to write css,script,title)
- The <title></title> element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser’s title bar or in the page’s tab)
- The <body></body> element defines the document’s body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.
- The <h1></h1> element defines a large heading
- The <p></p> element defines a paragraph
HTML Page Structure
The format that is prepared for writing HTML code looks like this
Example HTML Code
<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>
While saving this code, put .html in the last name of the file.
The purpose of a web browser (Chrome, Edge, Firefox, Safari) is to read HTML documents and display them correctly.
A browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses them to determine how to display the document: